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The complete history of the Universe -- from the Big Bang to 200 my into the future

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History of the Universe eBook. 398 pages, 300 illustrations only $2.99

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Bosons

A boson is a type of particle which obeys laws called Bose-Einstein statistics. They include mesons and helium nuclei.

Bosons have the ability to occupy the same space as other bosons which have the same energy. This is in marked contrast to most particles, which are fermions.

Special bosons (called gauge bosons) are responsible for forces between other particles:

Photon

Gluon

Graviton

W, Z Boson

Higgs Boson

In addition there is a hypothetical particle, the Higgs bosons, which are supposed to be responsible for the mass which other particles have. The theory is that they attach themselves to other particles and so give them mass.

Experiments are under way at CERN and elsewhere to identify and describe this elusive particle.

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History of the Universe eBook. 398 pages, 300 illustrations only $2.99

eBook only $2.99
398 pages, 300 images

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