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The complete history of the Universe -- from the Big Bang to 200 my into the future


History of the Universe eBook. 398 pages, 300 illustrations only $2.99

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External References

These links require a connection to the Internet.


Books about Archaea

Astrobiology Institute, NASA

NASA Astrobiology Institute

Bacteria, Good and Bad

Good and Bad Bacteria

Big Bang’s Name

The BBC sound archive tells me that Hoyle first used the term Big Bang in a broadcast on 6th September 1950, as part of a series of lectures called ‘The Nature of the Universe’ presented on the BBC Home Service.

Biology Dictionary

This on-line biological dictionary will help you learn about many biology terms, principles, and life forms. Search with the alphabetic menu or by field of study. Includes many useful quizes to let your test your understanding.

Climate Change, Driver

Shaviv, N. and Veizer, J. (2003) Celestial driver of Phanerozoic climate? GSA Today July 2003, 4-10.

Climate on young Earth

Kasting, James F.; M. Tazewell Howard (September 7, 2006). "Atmospheric composition and climate on the early Earth". Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B (2006) 361 (361): 1733–1742.

Molecular Image Software

Discovery Studio Visualizer


Owed by poor countries, Economist Global Debt Clock

Dust, Interplanetary

E. K. Jessberger, T. Stephan, D. Rost, P. Arndt, M. Maetz, F. J. Stadermann, D. E. Brownlee, J. P. Bradley, G. Kurat (2001). Properties of Interplanetary Dust: Information from Collected Samples, in Grün, E., Gustafson, B.A.S., Dermott, S.F., Fechtig, H. (Eds.) Interplanetary Dust, pp. 253–294, Springer-Verlag

Einstein, Albert

Einstein, A. (1961) Relativity the Special and General Theory. New York: Three Rivers Press


Simulated formation of filaments in the Universe

Stars, First

The First Stars in the Universe

Galaxy, Dwarf Elliptical

Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy (SagDEG)

Galaxy, Spiral

Image of Spiral Galaxy M81 Hubble data: NASA, ESA, and A. Zezas (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics); GALEX data: NASA, JPL-Caltech, GALEX Team, J. Huchra et al. (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics); Spitzer data: NASA/JPL/Caltech/Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Galaxy, Oldest

Oldest galaxy is lone ranger

Inflation Theory Test

Feeny, S.M et al (2011). “First Observational Tests of Eternal Inflation: Analysis Methods and WMAP 7-Year Results”.

Homo Habilis Intelligence

Human brain shaped by duplicate genes

Homo Sapiens Origin

Modern people seem to originated in Africa about 200 kya


Lovelock, James

James Lovelock’s books.

Mass Extinctions

Raup, D. & Sepkoski, J. (1982). “Mass extinctions in the marine fossil record”. Science 215: 1501–1503. DOI:10.1126/science.215.4539.1501.

Rohde, R.A. & Muller, R.A. (2005). “Cycles in fossil diversity”. Nature 434: 209-210. DOI:10.1038/nature03339.

Sepkoski, J. (2002) A Compendium of Fossil Marine Animal Genera (eds. Jablonski, D. & Foote, M.) Bull. Am. Paleontol. no. 363 (Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, NY).


Distant Mimivirus relative with a larger genome highlights the fundamental features of Megaviridae

Molecular Orbitals

Molecular Orbital Theory

Neanderthal Origins

The origin of Neandertals by J.J.Hublin published by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 2009



Earth System History, Steven M Stanley 1999

Geologic Time, Smithsonian Museum of Natural History


Based on Tree of life web project


World Bank Data

Radiation Exposures, Global

from Hiroshima International Council for Health Care of the Radiation-exposed (HICARE)


Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy (SagDEG)



Stratigraphy, International Commission

International Commission on Stratigraphy

Supernova Cosmology Project

The website is at http://supernova.lbl.gov/

Time Trek

The paleographic images in this book were generated by TimeTrek, a continental reconstruction animation program.

Universe, Large Scale Structure

Images of formation of filaments and the large-scale structure in the Universe  by Andrey Kravtsov (The University of Chicago) and Anatoly Klypin (New Mexico State University) performed at US National Center for Supercomputer Applications. Visualization by Andrey Kravtsov.

Universe, size of observable

Lineweaver, Charles; Tamara M. Davis (2005). “Misconceptions about the Big Bang”. Scientific American.

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History of the Universe eBook. 398 pages, 300 illustrations only $2.99

eBook only $2.99
398 pages, 300 images

"I find the science fabulous...an extremely useful teaching tool."
Professor David Christian

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